260+ years adam smith/J Watt, 60 fazle abed , 20 fei-fei li

NormanMacrae.net -Economist pro-youth -bravo sir fazle abed, lang syne jack ma

notes from 42nd year of cataloguing social enterprises and microfranchises

This post will aim to build on  the following questions as well as maintain an updating 9 minute audio on each-

  • how to catalogue social enterprises;
  • how to identify meta-connectors of social enterprises such as bangladesh's 2 main pro-poor banking systems
  • ; what change processes may most help youth fast track more social enterprises or replicate good enough ones to collaborate with?
  • other approaches eg is a region best off with a hi-trust industry leader who may both help invest in some social entreprises and will have the most triusted contacts in searching out others
  • ......................................

Language problems- my family has been connected with entrepreneurial and open educational searches for pro-youth business and social models since 1972. references:  10 characteristics bottom-up ngos develop whenever market opportuni... ; update of search for top100 microfranchsises


As alumni of Keynes, we do not believe economics is capable of sustaining futures that worldwide youth need most unless such a search is publicly celebrated everywhere and as linkiin the young as early and cross-culturally possible in schools. You may  may not agree with why and how we helped The Economist coin ENTREPREURIAL REVOLUTION (1976) to linkiin all such efforts towards leaders (www.wholeplanet.tv ) investing in the early 21st centiury as worldwide youth's most productive and heroic time. However in this thread we have tried to make the  cataloguing notes independent of any of our favorite approaches . We welcome questions that improve on this. Let;s note straight away, in spite of personal project research in 40 countries,   I am lingiusitocally limeited to English language searches and that is actually the bias I fear most. chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk Norman Macrae Youth Foundation

Back in 1972, The Economist's first response to seeimg young eole experiment with early digtal networks was to invite the world to join the genre of entrepreneurial revolution - what organiiational models would need to replace the 20th century's biggest if the net generation was to be free to work with collaboration technologies and to scale global networking impacts as large as natures. By 1984 my dad's book was calling for identification of 30000 microfranchises to generate 3 billion community-sustaining jobs. A microfranchise replicates a service franchise but in such a way that most of the value produced stays in the community where the service was interacted so that youth and others in the community are empowered / mobilized with as much open knowhow as can make their service of the microfranchise self-sufficient in all but the most expert components required.

how to catalogue social enterprises:

we recommend cataloguers - index models so that impacts of models of the same type can be understood. The next post shows the list we use (comments welcome)

we believe everyone can be a job creating entrepreneur but this interacts with how market value chains and open knowledge systems are designed- for example my father's search for 30000 intercommunity replicable franchises assumes that these were served and mobilised by hard-working, community-trusted and passionately dedicated people but not necessarily risk-takers- to say that such people need to take financial risks in serving life-critical needs (especially childrens) is to say that the value chain design operating in that nation or place is not yet community-sustainable

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(A) 100% strict yunus social business model ie

  • transparent multi-win model with sustainable cash-flow
  •  lending partners of capital needed to start r scale social business get no dividends & no equity only reputation gain and network connections of aiming to be faster design to specified purpose.


We find the 2008  -sampled by Norman Macrae Foundation to 1000 Youth leaders-  book 1 on social business by Muhammad Yunus the clearest  description of his approach. It summarises how he had intuitively designed each different development service around a model with sustainable cashflow, and how after a 2005 luncheon at Paris HEC with CEO Riboud of Danone (and soon a cluster of other French CEOs) he launched global social partnerships starting with Grameen DANONE yogurt -see more at www.grameenfrance.com  Yunus 2 races - to poverty museums and to capitals with Social Business stockmarkets remain for many youth the most exciting collaboration goals of any living celebrity , recently joined by the Free University concept MOOCYunus


(B) Yunus social business model but relaxes issue of who owns equity - as far as we know in the west this is as far as publicly distributed investment funds in social business have got towards A  - see eg www.danonecommunities.com whose French legal technicaliities is produced with support of Grameen's partnership with Credit Agricole which also structures its own funds out of Luxembourg. If you are interested in discussing Yunus social business models we maintain 2 companion NIngs - http://yunuscity.ning.com where we try to spot social business and pro-youth news by different capital cities and http://leadersandyunus.ning.com  where w invite you to help track yunus partnership commitments with leaders around the world


(C) 51% social business model- this is a model in which majority (ie 51% or more) of ownership is always in trust to those in greatest need of the social purpose


(D) NGOs which operate a portfolio of enterprises representing mixture of the above - but in such a way as to  never alter any microfranchise founders rules regarding ownership, Positive example- BRAC which we currently bechmark as youth world's most purposeful partner -  - negative example any ngo that gets involved in IPO of a microcredit is excluded from our cataloguing of A to D


(E) a model where a national or regional government has permanently transferred funds corresponding to taxes of a service it used to operate in such a way that communities now serve a microfranchise -parallel mechanisms might include dormant funds (eg unclaimed accounts of banks) as discussed in UK big society approaches (we are not aware that anywhere in Europe has really started with this in spite of a EU summit championing such in Nov 2011)

(F ) modelslisted by a leader where that industry leader is recognized as most trusted in nation or continental region in aiming to make region self-sufficient in industry and to maximize life long job quality among hardest workers in the industry sector

(G) youth-led early stage models -eg from youth entrepreneur competitions- still looking for exact model but demonstrating a lot of youth peer empowerments

(H) other models that are linked to collaboration searches of microfranchsies as first mapped in 1984 book the 2024 report

(J) other certified patient capital or bottom-billion (prahalad) models - eg Acumen fund has a clear set of development rules; it would be a nice testimony to CK's life if someone set this up for bottom-billion models- even during his later years in personal correspondence he agreed that maintaining records on constitutions of once admired bottom-billion models called for a collaboration process beyond any one person's remit

(K) other generally applicable models that appear to demonstrate win-win-wins of all involved with a social concern

(L ) models so specific to a market category or a cultural conflict situation that it is worth knowing of the project even if the model is currently fluid or unspecifiable in the terms we usually require to be made transparent


(M) a social entrepreneur model largely composed by one inspirational person's passion where there appears to be no attempt to replicate model beyond the guru other than saying come, learn, be inspired, work out your own local way if you wish

Please note in our 42th year of cataloguing models, we are interested in how the above interacts with these issues

  • how to identify meta-connectors of social entreprises such as bangaldesh's 2 main pro-poor banking systems
  • ; what change processes may most help youth fast track more social enterprises or replicate good enough ones to collaborate with


Please help us take a second look - why would someone wishing to linkin a most purposeful solution for a particular goal choose one approach versus another


A 100% social business model - a philanthropist might make such a loan if purpose matched philanthropic vision and the model sustainability is convincing; a corporation might make such a loan for reputational or relationshio gain in the development region (eg DANONE inbeing corporation to inaugurate global social business partnerships may believe that in advancing long-term connections with markets in bangaldesh and china it can become dr yunus best friends in nutrional projects serving extreme needs across those 2 countries); individuals might create their own 100% social businesses if they were confident this matched their lifes greatest competence- please note there is no greater challenge on entrepreneurial earth than the 100% social business model so we should want such youth sb entrepreneurs to pay themselves and any leading co-workers a fair wage for their family's development


B,C are models that relax A - you might need to do this to sustain model if its in a highly conflicted environment or to maintain the best open tech staff  or generally to keep cash up sleeve to protect constitutional independence of the organisation; conversely if you are a technologist who is starting with a bit of code (say a better search) you might simply want to anchor this on most life-critical network searched; you could give away one doubling of your company's equity by putting trust in stewardship of those in need; this could be much more purposeful marketing than organisations who iamge over purspoe and never get to eralsie what youth most want for practice experts; however models B and C probably mean that you can no longer channel 100% of volunteer issues the way model A deserves to do, ; they may make collaboration partners harder to find: and they raise questions on what the organsiaatin's tax status needs to be


As we try to recognize in D and F - some of the world's greatest connectors of social enterprsies will be linking in hundreds which may have varied modeling forms (including A, B ,C) as individual entities



how to identify meta-connectors of social enterprises such as bangladesh's 2 main pro-poor banking systems -BRAC & Grameen ;

Kenya's Jamii Bora - the culture in Kenya has proved second to none in celebrating mobile entrepreneurship connections with empowering youth - search MPESA, IHUB, Ushahidi to see how Nairobi has become a top African social enterprise capital

strangely neither microcreditsummit nor any of the other millennium goal summits have developed a cumulative cataloguing approach of social enterprises in a model indexed way;


Today, this suggests a huge opportunity for open education partnership to focus on curriculum of social enterprises.  If run in a MOOC format,  youth could also be involved in continuing to audit social enterprises with local impacts.  What we have learnt from microcredit crises around the world is:

in many cases there had been no attempt to replicate the real bangladeshi models

that transition of microcredit from a pre-mobile age to a mobile age required the sort of investment thar less well known microcredits had difficulty in attracting, thus leaving them vulnerable to takeovers


 There are no guarantees in this world that an organisational model's ownership (even in the case of meta -networks of social enterprises) will stay the same unless supporters get much more informed . Perhaps worldwide youth networks in the age of MOOC can celebrate maintaining such local appraisal in ways that traditional advocacy networks have failed to do.

In terns of generating new social enterprises, the opportunity to converge youth social enterprise competitions online may also be taken to the next level by an opportune host of a MOOC on social enterprise and pro-youth economics







coming soon

what change processes may most help youth fast track more social enterprises or replicate good enough ones to collaborate with?

coming soon

model F - is it better to start with the highest trust industry leaders map of social enterprises


-this model is most simply understood by cross-examining some lead cases such as

 F1 an industry leader like Wole Food's John Mackey whose purpose is to change nutritional impact of supermarkets in usa and to develop equitable relationships anwyhere that whole foods has a long-run sourcing partnership

Fortune 500 CEO John Mackey probably spends over 20 days a year searching social entreprise models as part of his invitation to ceis to join in bencmarjing conscious capitalism


at a worldwide development level - how searching out of the most trustworthy local partners in agriculatural area microfinance offers one of the most trusted catalogues of its kind - see www.wholeplanetfoundation.org  ; his invitation to university students to join in reforming the nutrition of us school lunches offers one of the most interesting collaboration models inside USA www.wholekidsfoundation.org


CASE F2 at a MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology)  development conference I met 20 or so interesting African Industry leaders all linked in to www.africa24tv.com -this tv station has been co-founded by an ex alumn of mo Ibrahim (a billionnaire) whose foundation makes awards to the most transparent of national leaders  across Africa when they retire; africa24tv.com woants to be the good news cable tv channel of accomplishments by and for Africans; certainly the kinds of industry leaders it has already found, and which I got introduced to, are an exciting way to see collaboration flow across Africa in most needed social purposes

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chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk (a scot currently lost in washington DC)- in 1984 i co-authored 2025 report with dad norman. Since 1960 the legacy of von neumann means ever decade multiplies 100 times more micro-technology- an unprecedented time for better or worse of all earthdwellers; 2025 timelined and mapped innovation exponentials - education, health, go green etc - (opportunities threats) to celebrating sustainability generation by 2025; dad parted from earth 2010; since then 2 journals by adam smith scholars out of Glasgow where engines began in 1760- Social Business; New Economics have invited academic worlds and young graduates to question where the human race is going - after 30 business trips to wealthier parts of Asia, through 2010s I have mainly sherpa's young journalist to Bangladesh - we are filing 50 years of cases on women empowerment at these web sites AbedMOOC.com FazleAbed.com EconomistPoor.com EconomistUN.com WorldRecordjobs.com Economistwomen.com Economistyouth.com EconomistDiary.com UNsummitfuture.com - in my view how a billion asian women linked together to end extreme poverty across continental asia is the greatest and happiest miracle anyone can take notes on - I havent had time to re-edit conversations on other parts of the world; that readers of 2025 report have kindly shared with me - so please note the rest of this column does not reflect my current maps of how or where the younger half of the world need to linkin to be the first sdg generation......its more like an old scrap book- something that semed exciting for humasns when I first heard about it but which the rest of the world may have passed by unless you find its still there!how do humans design futures?-in the 2020s decade of the sdgs – this question has never had moore urgency. to be or not t be/ – ref to lessons of deming or keynes, or glasgow university alumni smith and 200 years of hi-trust economics mapmaking later fazle aded - we now know how-a man made system is defined by one goal uniting generations- a system multiplies connected peoples work and demands either accelerating progress to its goal or collapsing - sir fazle abed died dec 2020 - so who are his modt active scholars networks empowering youth with his knohow n- soros with jim kim paul farmer leon botstein and with particular contexts- girls village development and with ba-ki moon global climate adaptability where cop26 november will be a great chance to renuite with 260 years of adam smith and james watts purposes there is no point in connecting with system mentors unless you want to end poverty-specifically we interpret sdg 1 as meaning mext girl or boy born has fair chance at free happy an productive life as we seek to make any community a child is born into a thriving space to grow up between discover of new worlds in 1500 and 1945 systems got worse and worse on the goal eg processes like slavery emerged- and ultimately the world was designed around a handful of big empires and often only the most powerful men in those empires. 4 amazing human-tech systems were invented to start massive use by 1960 borlaug agriculture and related solutions every poorest village (2/3people still had no access to electricity) could action learn person to person- deming engineering whose goal was zero defects by helping workers humanize machines- this could even allowed thousands of small suppliers to be best at one part in machines assembled from all those parts) – although americans invented these solution asia most needed them and joyfully became world class at them- up to 2 billion people were helped to end poverty through sharing this knowhow- unlike consuming up things actionable knowhow multiplies value in use when it links through every community that needs it the other two technologies space and media and satellite telecoms, and digital analytic power looked promising- by 1965 alumni of moore promised to multiply 100 fold efficiency of these core tech each decade to 2030- that would be a trillion tmes moore than was needed to land on the moon in 1960s. you might think this tech could improve race to end poverty- and initially it did but by 1990 it was designed around the long term goal of making 10 men richer than 40% poorest- these men also got involved in complex vested interests so that the vast majority of politicians in brussels and dc backed the big get bigger - often they used fake media to hide what they were doing to climate and other stuff that a world trebling in population size d\from 1945 to 2030 also needed to map. so the good and bad news is we the people need to reapply all techs where they are only serving rich men and politicians od every party who have taken us to the brink of ending our species- these are the most exciting times to be alive - we the 3 generations children parents grandparents have until 2030 to design new system orbits gravitated around goal 1 and navigating the un's other 17 goals do you want to help/ 8 cities we spend most time helping students exchange sustainability solutions 2018-2019 BR0 Beijing Hangzhou: BR6 Geneva, Luxembourg, BR2 Dhaka, Delhi, BR1 Tokyo, Seoul

Map with Belt Road Imagineers :where do you want to partner in sustaining world

Our search for top 50 World Record Jobs Creators begins with E1 Xi Jinping - World's Number 1 Job Creator - Peoples Global2.0 

Girls world maps begin at B01 Bangladesh economical miracle of 15 million poorest village mothers grasssroots networking -good news reporting with fazleabed.com brac.tv and valuetrue.com and womenuni.com


online library of norman macrae--


correspondence welcomed on 50 year curriculum of Entrepreneurial Revolution and net generation as most productive time to be alive - chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

MA1 AliBaba TaoBao

Ma 2 Ali Financial

Ma10.1 DT and ODPS

health catalogue; energy catalogue

Keynes: 2025now - jobs Creating Gen


how poorest women in world build

A01 BRAC health system,

A02 BRAC education system,

A03 BRAC banking system

K01 Twin Health System - Haiti& Boston

K02 Twin YouthWorldBanking: Haiti& Bkash (BRAC)

K03 Twin Open Society : Budapest-Rome - Economists and Peace Champions

A04 Africa & Asia's 5 Billion Peoples eleraning satellite Yazmi

A05 Triplet Open Apps Media Labs of Ethiopia and MIT and Ma-Lee (worldwide China)

Job creation case Y01 Foundation of Grameen Bank- good news in association with grameen.tv
Ma 10,2 grameen inteldt

Ma 10.3 IHUB/Usha Kenya DT

Ma 10.4 Kenya nanocredit

Ma 10.5 MIT top ten mobile app labs of open tech

Ma 10.6 berners lee www

KMAS1 Kimchoices KMAS1.1 Ki-Moon KMAS1.2 Sun F Yang Lan

W4E1 telecentres for girls jobs

W4E2 womens nanocredit










MEDIALABNegropronte > Yazmi


AFM00 Samara and AfricaStar and Yazmi
AFM10 IHUB/Ushahidi
AFM11 MIT Media Lab Africa
AFM12 MIT D-lab and Abdul Latif with Toyota
AFM121 Polak last mile multinationals africa –eg green energy and clean water distrib
AFM13 Ibrahim Foundation
AFM14 Africa24tv
TB1 Free University and Jobs Schools
TB11 Open Learning Campus Africa
AFM15 Young Africa Society –world bank ypa milennials’ goals 2.1
AFM2 Jamii Bora –end slums youth banking and partner labs
TB20 Primary financial literacy curriculum – eg Afaatoun out of Orphanages
AFM21 Bridges primary schools
TB21 Love of self- empowerment curriculum – eg Maharishi (TB1)
TB22 Coding curricula from primary up
AFM31 Kiva Africa
AFM32 Acumen
AFM33 BRAC African Girl Jobs-creating banking
AFM34 Eagri-Africa
AFM35 African health millennials www –and PIH Rwanda, Free Nursing College Africa
AFM36 Mara Foundation
AFM5 Nanocredit
AFM6 USADBC - diaspora association benchmarking african food security value chains
AFM61 –diaspora multi-country celebrations eg AfricaTip (AgeTip)
AFM612 Makerfaireafrica
BOM1 berners lee
BOM2 mit every students an entrepreneur
BOM21 MIT100k
BOM3 mit media lab -open source wizard entrepreneurs and new commons
BOM30 Negroponte $100 Laptop
BOM31 Joi Ito
BOM32 reclaim our learning
BOM4 MIT open education movement
BOM5 Legatum
BO51 Legatum millennials and fans
BOM52 networks of cashless banking technolgists
BOM53 innovations journal
BOM6 partners in health/brigham womens hospital
BOM61 value chain networks club inspired by pih and world bank millenials
BOM62 ypchronic
BOM64 Haiti training hospital - connector of neraly free nursing college
BOSF1 Kiva and puddle
BOSF2 Khan Academy
BOSF3 Coursera segment interested in Open Learning Campus

communications and community banking links series 1 and 2

Out of The Economist since 1972 Macrae's viewpoint Entrepreneurial Revolution argues that the net generation can make tremendous human progress if and only if educators, economists and all who make the biggest resource integrate youth job creating into the way their worldwide purpose and impact is valued -chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk join in ... 43rd Entrepreneurial Revolution Youth Networks Celebration..

job creation survey

discuss valuation video

Norman Macrae Foundation

e chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

Wash DC tel 1 301 881 1655




For how many of The Economist's first 175 years was it the most effective mediator of sustainability exponentials of humanity all over the planet


best million-youth moocs hosted by economists


discuss valuation video

hottest youth-spring question of our life and times-can online education end youth unemployment for ever ? yes but only if you help map how!

moocyunus launches youtube competition -what would purpose of youth's favorite free online university be?

join blog of moocyunus


 The Economist- when first seeing youth experiment with digital networks in 1972,

Season's most urgent collaboration debates:

next 100 million jobs nursing

42nd year of 7 wonders if thinkpad of The Economist's genre of Entrepreneurial Revoution

40 years of notes from archives of entrepreneurial revolution 1-7 a...


help catalogue top 100 microfranchises


help catalogue 100 short videos on right old muddle of anti-youth economists..

Dad (Norman Macrae) created the genre Entrepreneurial Revolution  to debate how to make the net generation the most productive and collaborative . We had first participated in computer assisted learning experiments in 1972. Welcome to more than 40 years of linking pro-youth economics networks- debating can the internet be the smartest media our species has ever collaborated around?

Foundation Norman Macrae- The Economist's Pro-Youth Economist

5801 Nicholson Lane Suite 404 Rockville MD 20852   tel 301 881 1655 email chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

Main Project webs wholeplanet.tv

microeducationsummit.com including yunusdiary.com bracnet.ning.com taddyblecher.com as lead open education partner of mandela elders and branson 


2013 = 170th Year of The Economist being Founded to End Hunger

2010s = Worldwide Youth's most productive and collaborative decade

 1972: Norman Macrae starts up Entrepreneurial Revolution debates in The Economist. Will we the peoples be in time to change 20th C largest system designs and make 2010s worldwide youth's most productive time? or will we go global in a way that ends sustainability of ever more villages/communities? Drayton was inspired by this genre to coin social entrepreneur in 1978 ,,continue the futures debate here

world favorite moocs-40th annual top 10 league table

  • 1) e-ME
  • 2) 8 week tour of grameen curriculum and uniting human race to poverty museums
  • 3) 8 week tour of brac curriculum and mapping microeducation summit for post 2015 milennium goals

send votes to chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk , Macrae Foundation

  • 4) 8 week tour of africa's free university and entrepreneurial slums
  • 5 what to do now for green energy to save the world in time
  • 6 nurses as 21st world's favorite information grassroots networkers and most economical cheerleaders more



  • 7 how food security as a mising curricululum of middle schools can co-create more jobs than any nation can dream of
  • 8 pro-youth economics and public servants
  • 9 celebrating china as number 1 creditor nation
  • 10 questions worldwide youth are asking about what was true last decade but false this decade because that's what living in the most innovative era means chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

archives at The Economist


Number 1 in Economics for Youth

The unacknowledged giantcelebrate unacknowledged giant

dannyboyle chrispatten butler-sloss marianowak tomhunter MYunusgeorgesoros bernerslee michael palin

Timeless ER from The Economist's Unacknowledged Giant (aka dad Norman Macrae) A  b  c ;;1997 a;;; 1983 a ;;;1976 a b;;; 1972 a ;;; 1962 a 1956 a - correspndence with optimistic rationalists always welcome - chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk


from chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk please help in 2 ways -nomination of collaboration 100; testify to world's largest public broadcasters such as BBCthat this survey needs their mediation now

Intercapital searches for replicable youth eonomic franchise



10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Brussels Poland
London-Glasgow Nordica: S D N
Spain .Kenya
Brazil Joburg



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