NormanMacrae.net -Economist pro-youth economist -bravo sir fazle abed & jack ma
curricula include: connecting education change with collaboration processes of youth's most valued summits;
mapping bottom up and open value chain models; realising Pope's servant leader course; profession exponential systems triangularisation of growth, youth-jobs and 21stC leadership of end inequality
Please consider notes on how to use -and not use - this listing
Normally we only feature living people DD denotes exception; numbers do not denote order
A few people we work with most closely are excluded on such grounds as bias and extreme exponential leverage (if they are currently at such a state of scaling that to be more famous is the last thing they currently need)
ER's youth job creating criteria compounds round most collaboration impact to replicate knowhow of, not billionaires or other elites with most resources.
We are well aware that listing has many local weaknesses (please help email@example.com). Two major blocks to our research -linguistic, the most PR'd people in change world seldom have any true understanding of the conflicts that 43 years of tracking bottom up and open system designs of Entrepreneurial Revolution has clarified. As Einstein clarified from his field research with Mahatma Gandhi, the world's most powerful people actually have the least advantageous position to search for sustained innovation of system transformation and the many value chain conflicts that involves simultaneously mapping . To get a representative view of urgent conflicts. consider 20 freedoms youth/netgen need most
4 paul polak because this 80 year old american has more real experience of what to do than anyone I can find
5 the quadir brothers because they know more digital wizards of ending poverty than anyone else I can find
6 paul farmer because he applies health knowhow to empower end of poverty too
7 neville williams. 8 nancy wimmer, 9 april alderdice as with muhammad yunus they developed the most exciting solar franchises I can find to end poverty
DD 10 norman borlaug as his work became crop science benchmark for bottom-up food security and redesigning agricultural value chains to sustain small and natural farmers
11 sal khan because his approach seems to be the most exciting in how digital education can create jobs and end poverty; 12 taddy blecher as he has the most interesting content in redesigning youth entrepreneurship as a curriculum from age 9 up; 13 negropronte because while I am not sure that his $100 laptop ever scaled without him mit probably wouldnt have the best media lab for ending poverty and wouldnt be the number 1 job creating alumni network in the world attracting such open systems designers as 14 berners lee
15 jack ma - well he may be a controversial choice but he helped china find the internet as a job creating space (and I'd love to know more searchers of end poverty out of china as its epicentral to the net generation in numerical ways that no other place can be)
most controversially - 16 george soros- of all the billionaires it seems to me he is demanding youth ask deeper system questions on where is economics and open society system design going - and the east europe cases remain pivotal if we are ever to get a 21st C peace dividend out of all the cold war waste that the second half of the 20th C spun
17 mo ibrahim family - their foundation has done more to value public servants in africa who see their main job as ending inequality than anyone we can find (this links to pope francis agenda- he would be in our top 20 if he was more directly accessible to open education channels)
18 ted turner family and 19 jimmy carter family as they are most influential public hosts of youth summits to end 2015 as far as we can see
20 Gandhi family lucknow
well that's our 20 living heroines/heroes worth valuing most - love to know who my searches haven't found!!
as you get more local or more practical the references get more and more relevant for local student communities
ingrid munro as she adapted the yunus model to empower youth in african slums to regenerate communities
paul polak because this 80 year old american has more real experience of what to do than anyone I can find
the quadir brothers because they know more digital wizards of ending poverty than anyone else I can find
paul farmer because he applies health knowhow to empower end of poverty too
neville williams. nancy wimmer, april alderdice as with muhammad yunus they developed the most exciting solar franchises I can find to end poverty
norman borlaug as his work became crop science benchmark for bottom-up food security and redesigning agricultural value chains to sustain small and natural farmers
Gaps between job creating knowledge and young people
Can anyone help make a list of the causes of this ( how locally different and similar)
The place where this challenge has been most consciously examined by educators themselves may be south africa. Back in 1999 it was decided that the country's development needed free university colleges for anyone capable of becoming a job creating entrepreneur. 15 years later : there are now 5 colleges and a recognition that there is a missing curriculum (and structure) all the way back to age 10. 14 million childrens world of teaching is now being changed and before 2020 the goal is creating 1 million jobs as a direct consequence of this change
Missing structure means that many teenagers are better off with an apprentice sandwich system rather than only schools. Its been hard for south africa to provide this because its businesses are predominantly small. So packages of swaps have needed to be offered - eg small business owners who take on apprenticeships can then get free consultancy or training from participating colleges or technology consultants
Partners in this experience include no lesser leaders than Branson and Google. My guess is there is something (not necessarily the same thing) that every country's education system can learn from this at the total value chain level that JIm Kim talks about
Friends and i are happy to discuss this at any time - below or at this google doc or where you suggest
washington dc 1 301 881 1655
minute 9.12 video 6 week 2 coursera change the world
HOW DO WE/YOU BUILD A SOCIAL MOVEMENT TO END POVERTY
Prof: a question from perspective of our mooc's students around the world, at the social good summit you talked about #2030now building a social movement to end extreme poverty - could you tell us a bit about the kinds of things they can do to participate in this movement and make a positive difference
One of the great privileges I have had is the chance to actually participate in social movements -probably the most notable one was the movement to increase access to treatment for people living with hiv/aids- the best part of that movement is that we started in an almost impossible situation . (Now there was an experience we had before that treating patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis. That never really turned into a movement - it was more the advocacy of a small group of people. )
But HIV treatment turned into a social movement and I really got to see what it felt like and looks like. And there are some things I would want all the students in your class to know.
Know that social movements that have a huge impact are often led by small groups of people. Example ACT UP the social movement that led to the availability of aids treatment was never more than 20 or 30 people. People think it was thousands of people but it never was- thankfully many of them are still alive today and they will tell you it was always about 20 or 30 people.
This echoes that old Margaret Mead Quote: never doubt the ability of a small group of people to change the world, in fact it the only thing that ever has. I think that is so true. So first all of the students should never doubt the ability of themselves to change the world it can happen.
So the small group of people did was to look at the value chain (that was not the word they used but its the terminology that eg Michael Porter uses) . What you do is look at every thing you need to do to get to where you want to be. Most companies don't do that; they look at one piece and wonder why they are not changing value as a whole.
So what the aids activists did: they said lets look at every single step.
STEP 1 there needs to be more basic science research - so a bunch of them like 5! - went and took on basic science research. In USA, they started going after the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease , they went into the National Institute of Health and threw blood on people - you know these scientists - the nerdy scientists never had anything like that happen to them and they didn't like it, they didn't like it at all. And over time , in fact fairly quickly, and we should take our hat off to President Reagan for doing this they started moving money to NIH and so the research started.
STEP 2 If there is a promising molecule you have to get it into the industry because public sector institutions are not going to take this to a drug, there has to be a profit motive. So they made it easier for molecules to go to the founder into the private sector.
STEP 3 : they had to test those drugs so they put their own bodies on the line to test the drugs.
STEP 4 then they had to get into the last stage of clinical trials and into the market. So one guy , Mark Harrington, became an expert on the Food and Drug Administration. I mean this is a guy who has an undergraduate degree from Harvard - smart guy. He became an expert on FDA and shrunk the time it takes to get a molecule from discovery to approval and on the market - shrunk the time dramatically. So you'd think at that point when they had a real treatment in 1996 they would stop. But that's not where they stopped. They took the next step -
STEP 5 They said: damned if we are going to let something that has come from so much work will only be available for those who can afford to pay for it. So the next thing was work with us to try and make sure that everyone in the world would be able to access it. So for them the social movement was not about a feel good rally. They did that too, but mostly it wasn't feel good- they latched themselves to the white house, they threw blood on people and got arrested, they did things that would make anyone else feel really uncomfortable but they knew that is what they needed to do to get through the value chain.
So what I would say is being part of a social movement is going to be the most exhilarating memorable thing you are ever going to do. But understand how hard it is , and understand how serious you are going to need to be about everything it is going to take to get to the change you want, and then take it on as there is nothing better you can do
We need to start a movement to end poverty , and it looks like folks are doing it there is a global poverty project that has begun doing it they are holding big concerts - they are serious about ending poverty. Pope Francis is serious about ending poverty, I had a great opportunity to sit with him and after years of struggling with my Spanish in Peru, it was good enough to speak to him in Spanish . I asked him I said I need your help, I need your help , we need to start a social movement. and he just said Conta Comigo "count on me".
This (End Poverty) has to be the next movement. If you look at all the steps is going to take to end poverty its a pretty broad mix. And that's the great news- we need everybody. We need writers who can write about this, we need engineers, doctors, lawyers, artists , everyone who can capture the imagination of the world to end poverty. There's a role but take a step back and say what is it going to take, what part of it can I take on, and how can we really make it happen.
Prof : well in this class there will be artists and writers and photographers and scientists and engineers and I know they will be inspired by your words and I know they will be learning things about the issues and finding ways to connect with each other to build this kind of movement. Jim Kim thanks you so much for this conversation and being part of this class.
Jim Kim: thanks so much for having me- its a great idea and a great class
15,48 video 6 week 2
minute 7.17 video 5 of MOOC replays Jim Kim youtube at social goodsummit (sept 2013)
You know when the secretary general of the UN came to speak at the World Bank to the 188 finance ministers he said something that will always stick in my mind- he said you know in every country I have ever been: THE KEY TO PEACE IS DEVELOPMENT
You know when we talk about a movement to end poverty, we are not just trying to create a movement out of thin air. we are trying to address the most critical problems on earth
The Secretary General got it exactly right. (For example referring to news of Kenya Mall Siege Sept 2013) unless we tackle the 43% of people living in extreme poverty in Somalia the prospects for peace (in the region) won't be very good
You know a movement to end poverty is an idea that is beginning to grow
Now what will it take to actually end poverty? At the World Bank group we have studied this for almost 70 years and here are some really critical elements that we know now:
Firstly, We do need economic growth , we need economies to grow, the private sectors to grow, and we need to create good jobs
Secondly, More importantly those jobs have to include young people. women , the extreme poor, those people who have been left out of the job market before
Everywhere in the world we are seeing social movements pop up in places nobody expected them
I am an anthropologist, I have studied social movements and nobody expected the Arab Spring
And this year (2013) very few people expected what we saw in middle income countries like Turkey and Brazil.
The bottom line is the poorest want to lift themselves out of poverty but even the people who are emerging into the middle class want better health care services, want better education services, want a future for their children
So the challenge of "end poverty" means: we need to do things we have always done, we need economic growth but we need to be inclusive
Thirdly, and the thing that I think could really change things is begin a social movement. (For example) some of you will know that next week (in New York) there is a concert to end global poverty and if you haven't already, please look at the petition that is online its at zeropoverty2030.org
everyone in the world leaders, ;politicians philanthropists have to know that all of you care about ending poverty
I have been part of social movements my whole life - we have been working in global health in places like Haiti, Latin America (eg Peru) , even in countries like Siberia where we worked on tuberculosis projects, we have been part of movements that have been pretty successful - the global movement around aids was one of the most successful movements in history,
We now need a global movement to end poverty, we need to bring on-board the faith-based groups, we need to bring on-board NGOs and CSOs especially those which are not household names (the smaller ones)
If we can build a movement and make it clear to every single leader in the world that we care about poverty and that we can end it, we can do something unprecedented- you know it was only 1990 when 43% of the human beings on this planet were living in extreme poverty, we made tremendous progress and by about 2010 we had cut that number down to about 21% , so five years ahead of the schedule set by the millennium goals we have reduced the global poverty rate.
But the next stages are going to be more difficult-in order to end poverty by 2030 we will need to halve once, and then halve it again, and then halve it a third time in order to get to a level where we can feel we have ended extreme poverty
Once again we can do it, for us at the world bank IDA our fund for the poorest is our most important tool but everyone has to get involved and everyone has to remember that in the fight to end poverty we have to tackle problems like the ones we have seen in Somalia
The (UN) Secretary General and I just traveled to the Great Lakes region where we went to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda and because we have this fund called IDA we were able to put on the table an extra one billion dollars in a place that still hadnt really coalesced around the peace agreement.
This was based on our conviction that for now, and for now on, and for ever more, peace and development have to be linked together- before that's not what we did we would go in and sign peace treaties and we would wait to see if the peace would hold, and then afterwards we would go in with some development projects
- we are not going to do that any more because we know that the key to peace is ending poverty
You know I have a 4 year old son, and my 4 year old son by the time he's about to graduate from college, we could have ended extreme poverty; he could possibly graduate into a world in which no-one was living in extreme poverty.
I am so glad to be here, I need your help, you guys have fermented so many great things in the world , what we need right now is a global movement to end poverty, a global movement to end poverty that just might bring about peace in some of the most difficult paces on earth -we are counting on you and I know we can do it
end of speech at social good summit NY sept 2013
You have just read world bank jim kim’s invitation to connect job creating future capitals of youth as the social movement of the net generation #2030 - help us categorise which of the cultural and professional groups can help do what in the race to develop the next 3.5 billion livelihoods (that is of 50% of youngest beings). For more notes on who is helping JIm KIm with youth summits please look here
Panelists and youth prize presenters include
Hadeel Ibrahim executive director mo ibrahim
Ahmad Alhendawi, UN Envoy for Youth
Melissa Hillebrenner, Director Girl Up, UN Foundation
Youth summit winners include:
Dwayne Samuels, Jamiaca, Founder Xormis
Salem Kosemani, Nigeria, Team Techoisland
Patrick Olden (St Andrews Scotland) 1 Better Finacial Products for Youth Entrepreneurs in West Africa
story - from start of 2010 it became clear that the bangladesh Government was going to exile most of Muhammad Yunus job creating knowledge and pro-youth banking networks; during early 2013 celebrations of Martin Luther KIng, the great and good of Atlanta sked Dr YUnus what do we need to do to make Atlanta youth and your favorite future capital (in exile)- he said connect the 2 great social movements of of the net generation - end poverty and twinning youth job creating capitals as a more valuable movement to host than the Olympics- so the race is set- join The Road to Atlanta Nov 2015- relay through Cape Town 2014 - petition the EU to learn what they did not at warsaw 2013 and tell us how you can help make youth job creation the most joyful endeavour
skoll's 7 new top entrepreneurs of 2014
Each Awardee receives a $1.25 million, three-year core support investment to scale their work and increase their impact. They also gain leverage through their long-term participation in a global community of visionary leaders and innovators dedicated to solving the world’s most pressing problems.
The 2014 Skoll Awardees represent seven organizations partnering with communities in 35 countries that are poised to crack the code on issues that matter the most to humanity. They will be honored at the 11th Annual Skoll World Forum in Oxford, April 9-11. Sign up to learn more and watch the Skoll World Forum live stream from Oxford here.
Driving transformation on a range of issues to maximize health, education, opportunity, transparency, and accountability in some of the poorest places on earth, these pioneers should be on the watch lists of everyone who cares about the future of the world:
Meet the Awardees:
“Redefining Success in Business as Best FOR the World”
Co-founded by longtime friends and colleagues, Jay Coen Gilbert, Bart Houlahan, and Andrew Kassoy, B Lab is fueling a global movement to redefine “success” in business, so that all companies compete not only to be the best in the world, but the best for the world. B Lab is challenging the status quo by building a new sector, legal structure, and standards; empowering a community of certified B Corporations; and advancing public policies that enable companies to create financial, social, and environmental value for both its shareholders and for society. With 20 states having passed Benefit Corporation legislation, nearly 1,000 B Corporations certified, and 16,000 companies using its tools, B Lab is focused on accelerating the global adoption of this new model.
Fundación Capital (Bogota, Colombia)
Social entrepreneur: Yves Moury
“Helping Millions Save Their Way Out of Poverty”
Half of the world’s adult population—2.5 billion people—are “unbanked,” lacking access to financial services. Founded by Belgian-born Yves Moury, Fundación Capital is a pioneer in inclusive finance innovation to help the poor save; grow and invest their assets; insure their families against risk; and chart a permanent path out of poverty. Already reaching three million people, Fundación Capital is working to reach eight million more in the next few years by expanding access to training, capital, and opportunity. Fundación Capital’s efforts to align advances in public policy, market mechanisms, and technology are building momentum and poised to reach 100 million poor families across three continents by 2030, enabling them to make their own financial decisions and live their ambitions.
Girls Not Brides (London, England)
Social entrepreneur: Mabel van Oranje
“Ending Child Marriage to Empower a Generation of Girls”
Every year 14 million girls are married as children, denied their rights to health, education, and opportunity, and robbed of their childhood. Mabel van Oranje has an inspiring vision of what the world could look like if there were no child brides, and initiated Girls Not Brides with the bold goal of ending child marriage in one generation. Child marriage traps girls and their communities in poverty. By ending the practice, the global community can start to address some of the most difficult challenges in development. Girls Not Brides is a global partnership of more than 300 civil society organizations working across 50 countries. By joining forces and working at all levels—from grassroots to international—members of the global community can tackle this harmful social norm and end child marriage.
“Driving Transparency to Lift the ‘Resource Curse’ of Conflict and Human Rights Abuse”
Patrick Alley, Charmian Gooch, and Simon Taylor know that many of the world’s poorest people live in the most resource-rich countries in the world. Natural resources can incentivize corruption, destabilize governments, and lead to conflict and the looting of entire states. From 2002 to 2011, illicit money flows from corrupt deals in the developing world totaled nearly $6 trillion. Global Witness investigates and exposes the shadow networks underlying these deals that fuel conflict, corruption, and environmental destruction. They collect evidence and launch hard-hitting campaigns to find global solutions and end the “resource curse” by tackling corruption, protecting the environment, preventing conflict, and defending human rights.
Medic Mobile (San Francisco, USA)
Social entrepreneur: Josh Nesbit
“Building Mobile Communications Tools to Bring Health Care to Underserved Communities”
One billion people will never see a health professional in their lives. Yet 95 percent of the world’s population has access to a mobile signal. Josh Nesbit’s Medic Mobile was created to improve health in underserved and disconnected communities using communication tools. Medic Mobile builds mobile applications for community health workers, caregivers, and patients to increase life-saving health care coverage. Across 20 countries, its tools support 8,000 frontline health workers and benefit approximately six million people with plans to double these numbers annually for a total of 200,000 health workers serving 100 million people by 2018.
Slum Dwellers International (SDI) (Cape Town, South Africa)
Social entrepreneur: Jockin Arputham
“Leading Slum Dwellers around the World to Improve Their Cities”
In 2008—for the first time in history—more people were living in urban than in rural areas. Today, more than one billion people live in slums. Founded by a collective of slum dwellers and concerned professionals headed by Jockin Arputham, a community organizer in India, Slum Dwellers International works to have slums recognized as vibrant, resourceful, and dignified communities. SDI organizes slum dwellers to take control of their futures; improve their living conditions; and gain recognition as equal partners with governments and international organizations in the creation of inclusive cities. With programs in nearly 500 cities, including more than 15,000 slum dweller-managed savings groups reaching one million people; 20 agreements with national governments; and nearly 130,000 families who have secured land rights, SDI has been a driving force for change for slum dwellers around the world.
Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP)(London, England)
Social entrepreneur: Sam Parker
“Helping Cities Reach Everyone with Water and Sanitation Services”
Every five seconds, the world’s urban population increases by 10 people. Everyone needs access to clean water and sanitation, putting a huge pressure on city service agencies. In response, Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor has turned the traditional charity model on its head by developing commercially-viable models to bring water and sanitation to nearly two million people in urban slums in six countries. Sam Parker, a former business manager, has led the organization since 2006. Offering a creative package of private-sector, nongovernmental-organization, and academic expertise, WSUP equips public and private service agencies with the capacity and incentives to serve all citizens in their city.
skoll doesn't (as far as we know) no longer lists 7 for all time**-our nominations within those they have given top accolades to would be
1 sir fazle abed
2 sal khan
3 muhammad yunus
4 taddy blecher
5 paul farmer
its hard to believe that Bangladesh would have developed so far beyond poverty and in terms of breaking generations of illiteracy without the bottom up village mother networks representing 15 million rural families ; billimoria started a financial literacy curriculum in in indian orphanage which has now connected partners in close on 100 countries; khan academy remains the benchmark platform for all open education; taddy blecher and partners offer the world class entrepreneurial benchmarks for missing job creating curriculum form age 9 to 25; paul farmer leads bottom up health care delivery and education as well as providing the experience for Jim KIM his co-founder of PIH needed to help youth action learn curricula relevant to the defining social movements of the net generation
-we dont feel we know how scaleable the others listed ar but welcome correspondence- firstname.lastname@example.org
**around 2003 skoll selected 6 world class entre[preneurs which it made the subect of 16 dvds each about 45 minutes in length- on grounds of scaleable impact we'd second skoll nomination of abed and yunus; we ont understand the nominations of grajew and tepper-marlin; while we have some sympathy for the good of bill drayton and peter eigen they dont exemplify the complete spectrum of charactristics of pro-youth entrepreneurs as reported in my father's life time world at The Economist
can you help us map which which entrepreneurs are linking in to UNYOUTH's top 5 dialogues - email@example.com youthworldbanking.com a project of Norman Macrae Foundation Washington DC region 1 301 881 1655 skype chrismacraedc linkedin 9500; twiiter globalgrameen; face microeconomics